Since Pope Francis is so fond of Integral Ecology, I thought I’d take a closer look at it. Here’s what I found in Integral Ecology Uniting Multiple Perspectives on the Natural World.
“The commonwealth niche studies the shared worldviews of spiritual relations with the natural world and the Kosmos. There are at least seven main categories within this domain: ecofeminist theology, liberation theology, creation spirituality, the new cosmology, ecology and religion, tantric wisdom, and transcendentalism.
Most of these categories re-vision current religious traditions into ecological contexts. Keep in mind that we are emphasizing the post-conventional aspects of these categories.
- Ecofeminist theology applies ecofeminist principles to Christian theology so as to understand God in ecologically appropriate ways.”
- Liberation theology draws on emancipatory traditions to radicalize the Catholic Church and connect the plight of the Earth with social issues. This movement has been very successful in Latin America.” [I would add this is what is being promoted at the Amazon Synod of which the Liberation Theologist Leonardo Boff was invited to.]
- Creation spirituality draws on Meister Eckhart [tried as a heretic by Pope John XXII] and other Christian saints and sages to develop an approach to Christianity that celebrates Creation (i.e. nature).”
- The new cosmology draws on the work of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin [a monitum was issued against his writings on June 30, 1962] to reenchant the cosmos and our relationship to it.
- Ecology and religion is a broad category that includes all attempts to “ecologize” the various world religions. Of particular interest in this approach is the Yale-based Religions of the World and Ecology Project, which, among other things, published a 10-volume encyclopedic collection of essays that examine the connections between our globally inherited religious traditions and ecological issues. Also of interest withing this category is the hermeneutics of animals in the context of religious traditions.
- The highest teachings from various religious traditions comprise tantric wisdom, which has been used to situate our planetary situation within a nondual context.
- New England transcendentalism, which is part of the Romantic tradition, studies nature as the abode of Spirit.”
The end to be attained [by Modernism] is the conciliation of faith with science, always, however, saving the primacy of science over faith.Pascendi Dominici Gregis Encyclical of Pope Pius X on the Doctrines of the Modernists